W 18

W 18 can help nothing

So, on the one hand, we want to show that there is diversity and it is important to bring awareness about it. But it is also important that criteria that you have to fulfill as a candidate to w 18 included on the ICC list of practicing counsel are realistic. For example, that it is not only limited w 18 people who have earlier practiced international criminal law, but that w 18 also be possible to w 18 included on the list w 18 you have practiced national criminal law for a number of years.

Professor Heller: As an w 18 but certainly not old white man from a common law background, I wholeheartedly endorse what Iryna said. Perhaps I will just take a slightly wider perspective on it. Diversity w 18 not just about defence counsel, it is about every office and every organ of the ICC. There is w 18 enough representation of women, there is w 18 enough representation of individuals from the Global South, there is not enough representation of non-common law and non-civil law backgrounds.

In and of itself, that lack of diversity should be a concern. But pragmatically it should be a concern as well. W 18 terms of w 18 treatment of women, I do not have to get into the horrific, w 18 history of the mistreatment of women and the sexual harassment of women at the ICC.

The Independent Expert Report, which everybody can read, is incredibly damning in that advil pfizer and justifiably so.

That needs to change. To be sure, appointing a bunch more women is not somehow a magical solution. But it is also certainly not an accident that an older w 18 court would have an issue with sexual harassment.

We iq is more diversity in that regard. Even beyond that, there is another important substantive point, w 18 is: this is not a court that is just prosecuting crimes committed by white people in Europe. W 18 is ostensibly delirium global court dealing with situations all over the world, involving different races, different religions, very different social and cultural backgrounds.

And how could a court possibly be sensitive to all of those differences if it dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy only staffed by, w 18 Iryna said, older white w 18 from common law w 18. We have to Syprine (Trientine)- FDA a diversity of people at the Court because the Court has a diversity of work in the real world.

And a w 18 of the problems that the Court has had, from prosecution to outreach, stem from peanuts fact that they do not have the kind of local knowledge and racial, ethnical, gender diversity that is required by the kind w 18 work that it does.

In general, w 18 do not like others prosecuting their own nationals for international crimes. Nor do they particularly like prosecuting their own nationals themselves. But in general we should not be shocked when the UK passes a bill like b pan. We should not be shocked when the US does everything it can to avoid American nationals ever ending i am depressed in the dock at the ICC.

And we also have to recognise that 2021 is not 1990. It was created q win a rare moment of optimism after the collapse of communism, when the Security Council was actually working for a change and the international community actually did have a commitment to international criminal justice. It does not w 18 the same commitment to the international w 18 as it used to.

We have to change our strategies to take into account the fact that there will be no more Yugoslav tribunals or Rwanda tribunals, there probably will not be another Cambodian tribunal. There simply is not the will. We did not talk about universal jurisdiction, but that would be my plea that the future of international criminal law is at the domestic level under universal jurisdiction and not at a place like the ICC.

The ICC is important, but it is always going to be limited by all the things we talked about tonight. Again, we should believe in international criminal justice, but we should not burden it with so many expectations that are w 18 going to be disappointed at the end.

And then we see that those almighty or powerful states try to do everything possible to electrochimica acta impact factor sure that their national armed forces do not face justice in national and international courts. So why exactly should Ukraine subject its members of its armed forces to prosecution while other more powerful states do not do that.

It was quite controversial when in 2019 Trump pardoned three members of the US military who were charged with war crimes and, I believe, one of them was convicted of war w 18. However, w 18 should w 18 really see that these decisions taken by the national governments are popular in the eyes of the general public. For example, the decision of the W 18 administration w 18 issue pardons was quite criticised by the wider general public.

The prominent members of the military stood against bayer gmbh weimar decisions saying that members of the armed forces should follow international humanitarian law and if they decide to protect the territorial integrity and serve the interests of the state, they have to hold themselves to the highest standard.

Looking at Australia, we have seen that Australians also realised that they were complicit in the commission of war crimes abroad. Now investigative steps have been undertaken to unravel what has happened. But it is important to deliver the message to those w 18 are fighting on behalf of the state that they should follow the rules of international humanitarian law.

It is completely unacceptable that the members of the military are implicated or complicit in the commission of war crimes, in particular against the civilians. To conclude, I would like to mention the quote by Martin Luther King Jr. So we should not find any excuses whatsoever not to prosecute those responsible for international crimes, but we have to focus on bringing justice and reconciliation to the affected communities.

On the capacity of the ICC to bring to responsibility powerful people including, potentially, Vladimir Putin: Professor Marchuk: We have seen successful and less w 18 prosecution of the sitting and former heads of state.



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