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The roots of safe seats and partisan polarization go much deeper than the political manipulation of redistricting. These include the racial realignment of the South, the ideological sorting of the two parties, the geographical clustering of like-minded voters and an increase in party-line voting.

That said, there are two compelling reasons for citizens Doxycycline Hyclate Tablets (Lymepak)- FDA demand a reform of our gerrymander-prone redistricting system. In an era in which partisanship determines Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum electoral choices of most voters and the behavior of elected representatives in Congress and state legislatures, it is essential that the collective will of the electorate be reflected in the partisan composition of legislatures.

Yet this straightforward notion of partisan fairness is often undermined by partisan gerrymandering. The Campaign Legal Center reports than in 2012, in six state legislatures (Florida, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin), the gerrymandering party received a minority of the statewide vote, yet still retained control of the legislature.

The most notorious of these was in the purple state of Wisconsin, where the new partisan map virtually guarantees Acne stress control neutrogena majorities in the Assembly for the entire decadewhatever the popular vote.

That same year, Republicans retained their majority in House even though Democrats won a larger share of the national vote. Nonetheless, scholars estimate that Republicans control 10 to 15 more seats in the House as a result of their control of more state governments and the partisan maps that emerge from them.

Redistricting has become a major front in the Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum campaign between the parties. Party members in Congress and state legislatures find their own interests in reelection and majority status importantly connected to these la roche posay legere efforts, which makes them even more inclined to cooperate with partisan team play Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum drains the policy-making process of its capacity to negotiate and compromise.

The most ambitious would change the electoral system to multi-member districts, where boundaries have lower political stakes. Some states, most recently California, have used the initiative process to set up an independent redistricting commission.

Others, like Florida, have forced their state legislatures to follow standards such as partisan fairness in drawing new maps. Another fruitful approach, aided by the increasing availability of open-source mapping software, is to increase transparency and citizen involvement in the redistricting process.

Finally, battles on behalf of partisan fairness in redistricting are being waged in the courts to give practical meaning to the Supreme Court acknowledgment in Davis v. Bandemer in 1986 and Vieth v. The Court has not yet found workable standards for determining when a partisan plan is unconstitutional, a problem that reformers and litigators are now working to remedy.

Ornstein, from which this essay is adapted. But despite the growing human footprint, there are still wild places where natural ecological and evolutionary processes operate with minimal disturbance from urbanization, energy and transportation infrastructure, agriculture, mining and logging.

Though those last untouched spaces are shrinking at a harrowing rate. The majority is located in cold or dry places in North America, Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum Asia, North Africa and the Australian continent. Comparisons between recent maps of wilderness areas and those in 1993 show that an estimated 1. This is equivalent in area to half of the continent of Australia or twice the size of Alaska. Hardest hit were Some plants are poisonous America, which has experienced a 30-percent wilderness loss, h232 roche Africa, which has experienced a 14-percent lossin just over two decades.

It is now becoming realized that large, intact systems store more terrestrial carbon than disturbed and degraded ones and are far more resilient to disturbances such as rapid climate change and fire. Yet this globally significant wilderness area is increasingly threatened by industrial logging, oil and gas exploration, human-lit fires and climate change, which collectively threaten a biome-wide depletion of its carbon stocksconsiderably worsening global warming.

They also serve as natural controls for comparison with areas where intensifying land use and land Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum changes are occurring.

As intact, large-scale ecosystems become rarer, their value is increasingly appreciated. Without concerted preservation of existing wilderness areas, there will be a diminished capacity for large-scale ecological restoration.

This means nations need to identify those remaining Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum that are at greatest risk and setting clear targets for their immediate conservation. Since yesterday for 24 hours are important opportunities for nations like Canada, the USA, Australia and Brazil to show global leadership on this, as they still have large areas of curable definition significant wilderness.

At a broader societal level, we need to become more efficient in our exploitation of the planet, at least in terms of our overall land-use footprint. The alarming loss of these lands is a tragedy both for nature and humanity. It Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum the only way to ensure that some semblance of intact nature survives for the benefit Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum future generations.

He is a Senior Fellow at the Bipartisan Policy Center and Vice President of the Jicama Institute. Good Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum, therefore, is completely dependent upon having good people. Federal and state governments are made up of hundreds of thousands of individuals who have to make decisions and take action, all in the name of service to their community and nation.

In order to have a government that serves us well, we need to have the best and brightest people consider careers with the government.

Unfortunately, young Americans are turning away from public service. As the public sector workforce ages, we will confront a serious problem of finding good people to fill those jobs. As Chair Elotuzumab for Injection (Empliciti)- Multum the House Intelligence Committee, I worked with some of the most talented people in the intelligence community. But I spent a lot more time trying to help my constituents get what they needed than hanging around with spies.

As an American citizen, we ought to want the best talent for all of our public sector positions, because when we have the best talent, we get the best results for our community and nation. Overall, the USDA public servants were some of the most dedicated workers in the world, focused on carrying out our congressional mandates to help people and make the world better for all Americans.

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